Master of Business Administration, Hogere Economische School, Amsterdam, 1974. Master in Economics, Free University Amsterdam, 1980. Doctor of Philosophy in Economics, Free University Amsterdam, 1985.
Research assistant econometrics Free University Amsterdam, 1976-1980. Associate professor economics Twente University, The Netherlands, 1980-1985. Head international monetary affairs division Ministry of Finance, The Netherlands, 1986-1989.
Head non-Organisation for Economic Cooperative and Development economies unit Organization for Economic Cooperative and Development, Paris, 1989-1991, senior finance economist, 1992-1998, head finance affairs division, advisor, since 1998. Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe professor economics Twente University, The Netherlands, 1991-1995, director Netherlands Center for Studies on Security and Cooperative in Europe, 1991-1995. Advisor International Monetary Fund, Washington, 1991-1995, visiting scholar, 1992, 93.
Observer Organization of European Cooperation and Development, 1998.
Director Middle East Economics Association, 1987-1989. Member board directors European Council for Trade Promotion, The Netherlands, since 1992. Member Econometric Society (Travel awards 1980, 85, 87), Vereniging Staatshuishoud Kunde.
Married Eva Charlotta Thunholm. Three children.