Bachelor, Muskingum College, 1938. Diploma in Speech, 1938. Master of Divinity, McCormick Theological Seminary, Chicago, 1941.
Doctor of Divinity (honorary), Muskingum College, 1972. Doctor of Letters (honorary), Westminster College, Salt Lake City, 1991.
Assistant pastor Westminster Presbyterian Church, Minneapolis, 1945—1951. Senior pastor Central Presbyterian Church, St. Paul, 1958—1973, First Presbyterian Church, Kingfisher, Oklahoma, 1941—1942, Chickasha, 1942—1945, Grand Forks, North Dakota, 1951—1958, Salt Lake City, 1973—1982, pastor emeritus, since 1983. Interim pastor 1st Baptist Church, Bountiful, Utah, 1985—1987, 1988—1989, Church Christ Congressional, Ogden, Utah, 1989—1990.
Moderator Presbytery Pembina, Grand Forks, 1962—1963, Presbytery, St. Paul, 1969, Synod, Grand Forks, 1963—1964. Secretary-treasurer Westminster College, Salt Lake City, since 1979.
Board directors Bush Foundation, St. Paul, 1970—1989, Young Men’s Christian Association, 1975—1981, Utah Alcohol Foundation, Salt Lake City, since 1978. Member of Shriners, Masons, Kiwanis (president 1955-1956, 1984-1985).
Married Margaret Crosbie Reed, August 9, 1941. Children: Paul, Mary Jean.