AB, Dickinson College, 1948; AM, University of Pennsylvania, 1949; Doctor of Philosophy, University of Pennsylvania, 1954.
Lecturer, Hunter College, 1952-1955; research associate, Colonial Williamsburg (Virginia), 1955-1956; research associate, Colonial Williamsburg (Virginia), 1955-1956; instructor, Russell Sage College, Troy, New York, 1956-1958; from assistant professor to professor, Michigan State University, East Lansing, 1959-1985; professor emeritus, Michigan State University, East Lansing, since 1985. Department chairman history Michigan State University, 1970-1975.
(Includes Origins of Entrepeneurs, Financing the New Enter...)
(This comprehensive history of the U.S. economy from colon...)
Private United States Army, 1943-1946. Member Economic History Association, Business History Conference (trustee 1980-1983), Economic Business History Society (president 1982, chief editor 1978-1984), South Carolina History Society.
Married Martha-Jane Stough, Sep.