AB, Brooklyn College, 1947; postgraduate, Hans Hoffman School Fine Arts, 1947; Master of Arts, Columbia University, 1948.
Visiting lecturer, critic art schools, colleges.
Member National Academy of Design (academician) (Saltus Gold medal 1987, Benjamin Altman landscape prize 1995, Edwin Palmer prize 2003), American Academy Arts and Letters (Gold medal 2005).
Married Joseph Hazan, February 17, 1957. 1 daughter, Elizabeth.