Master of Arts, University Kent, Canterbury, England, 1971. Master of Laws, University Aberdeen, Scotland, 1982.
Senior assistant solicitor, Hillingdon London Borough Council, 1968-1970; solicitor, deputy clerk, Westmorland County Council, Kendal, England, 1971-1975; solicitor, Lake District Special Planning Board, Kendal, 1975-1978; lecturer, senior lecturer department land economics, Aberdeen U., 1978-1989; professor planning and environmental law, Aberdeen U., since 1989; head department land economy, Aberdeen U., 1994-1997; director Center for Environmental Law, Aberdeen U., since 1994. Consultant in planning and environmental law Paull & Williamsons Solicitors, Aberdeen, since 1992.
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Fellow Royal Society Arts. Member Royal Town Planning Institute (legal associate), Society Public Teachers Law, United Kingdom Environmental Law Association, Scottish National Heritage (board directors).
Married Yvonne Joan Lee, April 23, 1978. Children: Timothy, Matthew.