At age 14, he received the Aaronic priesthood and was ordained a deacon and was ordained a teacher and priest before he was ordained a seventy in 1896. From 1907 to 1909 Taylor served in the Netherlands Mission of the church, and for much of this time was the president of the Belgium District of the church. Taylor attended the Chicago College of Dental Surgery (later Loyola University Chicago) and was a dentist by profession.
He served as scout commissioner for the church when the church affiliated with the Boy Scouts of America in 1913.
He was president of the church"s Northern States Mission from 1923 to 1928. In 1925 the mission had slightly over 5000 members and 127 missionaries.
In 1928, Taylor became president of the mission home in Salt Lake City, Utah (predecessor to the Missionary Training Center). He was installed as one of the Seven Presidents of Seventy in 1933, where he served until his death in Salt Lake City from a coronary thrombosis.