Bachelor (equivalent), Black Mountain College, 1942. Master of Fine Arts, Yale University, 1949.
Artistic administrator Lee Strasberg Theater Institute, New York City, 1968-1969. Artistic director Baltimore Center Stage, 1970-1973. Member faculty The Juilliard School, New York City, from 1974, Circle-in-the-Square Theater School, New York City, from 1988.
Visiting lecturer Yale University, Columbia University, Brooklyn College.
Sergeant United States Army, 1942-1945, European Theatre of Operations. Member Stage Directors and Choreographers (charter, former board directors), The Actors Studio, The Ensemble Studio, The National Theatre Conference.