Bachelor of Science in Education, University Missouri, 1953. Doctor of Philosophy in History, University Missouri, 1960.
Associate professor history University Florida, Gainesville, 1960-1966. Associate professor University North Dakota, Grand Forks, 1966-1969. Professor University Arizona, Tucson, 1969-1984, professor emeritus, from 1984.
1st lieutenant United States Army, 1954-1956.
Married Ellen Westfall, October 24, 1954. Children: Clay, Ellen Curtis, Margaret Vollmer, Sarah Rollins.