Juliette Bonkoungou was born in Yameogo in Koudougou, Burkina Faso on 14 May 1954 . Her father, Mr. Joseph Yameogo served as a policeman in the town of Bobo Dioulasso for two years and then returned to his hometown, Koudougou, where he also worked as a police officer. Her mother was Madeleine Yameogo. She met her husband Pascal Bonkoungou in 1981 in France while both were studying there. Her husband is a doctor specializing in diseases of the stomach and abdomen. They have a daughter and two sons.