Graduate, California School Fine Arts. Student, St. Paul Sch Art. Student, Black Mountain College.
Student, New School Social Research.
Reviewer, San Francisco correspondent Artforum, San Francisco, 1963—1971. Teacher painting and drawing San Francisco Art Institute, 1964—1971. Reviewer, feature writer KXKX-FM, San Francisco, Art in American, New York City, 1975—1983.
Columnist art California Voice, San Francisco, 1977-1983. Retired, 1983.
With United States Army, 1943-1946.