Doctor of Medicine, Kumamoto University, Japan, 1960. Doctor in Medical Science, Kyoto University, Japan, 1965.
Intern Kumamoto University Hospital, 1960—1961. Instructor Kyoto University, 1965—1966. Assistant professor Kumamoto University, 1966—1968, associate professor, 1968—1973, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1973—1974.
Professor, chairman Niigata University, Japan, 1974—2001, professor emeritus Japan, since 2002. Professor Graduate School Human Sciences Ube Frontier University. President Pain Control Institute, Tokyo, since 2004.
Visiting professor Ansted University.
Fellow: Royal College Anaesthetists (England) (honorary). Member: International Association Study Pain, International Brain Research Organization, American Society Anesthesiologists, Japan Medical Association (Clinical Application of Spinal Cord Potential award 1983), Japan Society Pain Clinic (president 1982-1983), Japan Society Acute Medicine (councillor), Japan Society Electroencephalogram and Electromyography (councillor, president 1996), Japan Society Anesthesiology 1997, (Most Distinguished Paper award 1965), Association University Anesthesiologists (honorary).
Married Yoko Sano, January 9, 1972. Children: Yuko, Kaoru.