Mr. Chen received his preliminary education from the Ming Teh School, Changsha and the Zhejiang (Chekiang) School, Nanking. He studied at the Military Primary School of Zhejiang from 1908 to 1911. Mr. Chen was promoted to the Military Middle School at Nanking and joined the Revolutionary Party headed by Dr. Sun Yat-sen in 1911.
Chen Kou-fu took a prominent part in the First Revolution, being the right-hand man to his uncle Gen. Chen Chi-mei, the Shanghai leader during the Revolution. Following the First Revolution he was compelled to take a trip abroad but returned to China during the Second Revolution against Yuan Shih-kai. Mr, Chen led a group of student-soldiers in an unsuccessful attempt to capture the Kiangnan Arsenal in 1915.
Owing to his participation in a conspiracy against Ynan, he was captured by the authorities at Shanghai but soon released. He was in the exchange business at Shanghai between 1918 and 1923. When the Whampoa Mflitary Academy was organized at Canton in 1924 Chen Kou-fu acted as Shanghai agent for enlistment and transportation. He was elected as a member of Central Supervisory Committee of the Kuomintang at the second convention of the Party in January 1926, secretary to Gen. Chiang Kai-shek and chief of the organization department of the Kuomintang since 1926.
Cjen Kou-fu succeeded Gen. Chiang as chief of the organization department of the Central Party Headquarters and was made a member of the Central Political Council in July, 1927. He was appointed member of the Nationalist Government and vice-president of the Control Yuan in 1928. Then in March 1929 Mr. Chen was elected an executive member of the Central Party Headquarters at Nanking at the third Party convention. Since 1931 he was elected member of the Central Executive Committee by the National Party Congress.
From 1932 Chen Kou-fu served as a vice-chairman of the Huai River Conservancy Boards. And in 1933 he was appointed Chairman of the Jiangxi (Kiangsi) Provincial Government.