Bachelor of Science with honors in Microbiology, Punjab University, 1973. Master of Science with honors in Microbiology, Punjab University, 1976. Doctor of Philosophy in Microbiology, Punjab University, 1987.
Junior microbiologist Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd., New Delhi, 1976-1977. Chemist for research and development Unichem Laboratories Ltd., Ghaziabad, India, 1977-1978. Development scientist assistant Indian Drugs & Pharmaceuticals Ltd., Gurgaon, India, 1978-1981.
Deputy assistant director Central Research Institute, Kasauli, India, since 1981.
Member Semple's Club, Association Microbiologists India, Indian Society Microbiology. Clubs: Officers (Kasauli).
Married Geeta Rani, June 28, 1974. 1 child, Vandana.