Brezhnev's ethnicity was specified as Ukrainian in main documents including his passport, and Russian in some others.
Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev was born in Kamenskoye, Yekaterinoslav Governorate, Russian Empire (renamed Dneprodzerzhinsk in 1936, now Kamianske, Ukraine) to the family of Ilya Yakovlevich Brezhnev and Natalia Denisovna Mazalova. His father was from the village of Brezhnevo, Kursk region and his mother's ancestry was from Enakievo, Ukraine. Brezhnev's father was a technical worker at a metallurgical plant - a “fabricator.” He had younger brother Yakov and sister Vera. He was a witness of the civil war and famine during his childhood years.