Louis Kahn (born Itze-Leib Schmuilowsky) was born on the 20th of February, 1901 in Pärnu, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (now Parnu, Estonia). In 1905 his family moved to Philadelphia.
He spent his early childhood in Kuressaare on the island of Saaremaa, then part of the Russian Empire's Livonian Governorate. At the age of three, he saw coals in the stove and was captivated by the light of the coal. He put the coal in his apron, which caught on fire and seared his face. He carried these scars for the rest of his life.