Doctor of Medicine, University Siena, 1993. Doctor of Philosophy in Endocrinology, University Florence, Italy, 2003.
Graduate internist University Florence, 1993—1994, fellow endocrine unit, 1994—1998, postgraduate physician endocrine unit, 1998—2002. Assistant professor internal medicine University Siena, since 2002. Member advisory medical panel Paget Foundation, New York City, since 2004.
Member of Italian Society Internal Medicine, Italian Society Osteoporosis (Premio Mario Carrozzo award 1999, Premio Angelo Caniggia award 2002), American Society Bone and Medical Research (Young Investigator award 2004), Italian Patient Society Paget Disease (member science board since 2004).