AB, LaGrange College, 1939. Master of Arts in English, University North Carolina, 1944. Master of Arts in Religion, Northwestern University, 1947.
Bachelor's Degree, Garrett Theological Seminary, 1949. Doctor of Philosophy, Northwestern University, 1955.
Teacher English, Chattanooga Valley High School, 1939-1942; teacher English, Bethany High School, Reidsville, North Carolina, 1942-1943; instructor English, Reinhardt College, Waleska, Georgia, 1943-1945; instructor English, religion, Ward-Belmont, Nashville, 1947-1950; instructor English, Martin College, Pulaski, Tennessee, 1947; assistant professor religion, Aurora (Illinois) College, 1952-1953; assistant professor religion, Huntingdon College, Montgomery, Alabama, 1953-1955; Professor of English, religion, LaGrange (Georgia) College, 1955-1961; professor religion, Erskine College, Due West, South Carolina., 1961-1989.
Member Amnesty International. Hospice volunteer; Member American Association of University Women (various local offices since 1965), American Association of University Professors (president, secretary, vice president local chapter), American Academy Religion (regional president 1976), Association for Clinical Pastoral Education (clinical), Mental Health Association (president 1994-1995).