Bachelor, University Oregon, 1943. Master of Science, Joseph Pulitzer Graduate School Journalism, Columbia U, 1946.
Reporter, 1960—1964; editor Ontario (Oregon) Argus-Observer, 1966—1969, Polk Sun, Monmouth, Oregon, 1970—1972. Women's editor & reporter & feature writer Medford (Oregon) Mail Tribune, 1972—1989. Art, music critic, editor, feature writer, 1974—1989.
Retired; co-founder Oregon Video Archives, Historic Videos, Medford, 1990. Teacher Upward Bound Oregon Prison Project, New Gate, 1965. Delegate International Commission Monuments and Sites, United Nations Educational, Dresden, 1984.
Member of Sigma Delta Chi, Theta Sigma Phi, American Civil Liberties Union, Oregon Wilderness Coalition, Amnest International, Greenpeace, Southern Oregon Humane Society, Oregon History Society, Southern Oregon History Society, National Trust. History Preservation, Sierra Club, Oregon Environmental Council.