Bachelor, University Toronto, 1947. Master of Arts, University Toronto, 1950. Doctor of Philosophy, University Wisconsin, 1954.
Lecturer in German, McMaster U., Hamilton, Ontario, 1947-1950; instructor in German, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1954-1955; instructor in German, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1955-1959; assistant professor German, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1959-1965; associate professor German, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, since 1965.
Member American Association of University Professors (secretary Michigan chapter 1984-1989, president 1989-1992, treasurer since 1994), American Association Teachers German, Modern Language Association, American Society for Eighteenth Century Studies, International Vereinigung fur Germanische Sprach-und Literaturwissenschaft.