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Maurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins Edit Profile

Molecular biologist

Maurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins, New Zealand biophysicist. Achievements include research publications on structure of nerve membranes and X-ray diffraction analysis of structure of DNA; development of electron trap theory of phosphorescence and thermo-luminescence, light microscopy techniques for cyto-chemical research, including use of interference microscope for dry mass determination in cells.

Background

Wilkins, Maurice Hugh Frederick was born on December 15, 1916 in Pongaroa, New Zealand. Son of Edgar Henry and Eveline (Whittaker) Wilkins.

Education

Doctor of Philosophy, University Birmingham, Cambridge, 1940. Doctor of Laws, University Glasgow, 1972. Doctor of Science, Birmingham University, 1992.

Doctor of Science, Trinity College, Dublin, 1992. Doctor of Science, University London, 1998.

Career

Research with Manhattan Project,, University of California, Berkeley, 1944; lecturer, St. Andrews U., 1945; member of faculty, Kings College, London, since 1946; deputy director biophysics unit Medical Research Council,, Kings College, London, 1955-1970; director biophysics unit, Kings College, London, 1970-1972; director neurobiology unit, Kings College, London, 1972-1974; professor molecular biology, Kings College, London, 1962-1970; professor biophysics, Kings College, London, 1970-1981; also director Medical Research Council cell biophysics unit (formerly Medical Research Council neurobiology unit), Kings College, London, 1974-1980; professor emeritus, Kings College, London, since 1981.

Achievements

  • Achievements include research publications on structure of nerve membranes and X-ray diffraction analysis of structure of DNA. Development of electron trap theory of phosphorescence and thermo-luminescence, light microscopy techniques for cyto-chemical research, including use of interference microscope for dry mass determination in cells.

Membership

Fellow Royal Society. Member British Biophysics Society (past chairman), American Society Biological Chemists (honorary), British Society for Social Responsibility in Science (president 1969), American Academy Arts and Sciences (foreign honorary).

Connections

Married Patricia Ann Chidgey, March 12, 1959. Children: Sarah Fenella, George Hugh, Emily Lucy Una, William Henry.

father:
Edgar Henry Wilkins

mother:
Eveline (Whittaker) Wilkins

spouse:
Patricia Ann Chidgey

child:
Sarah Fenella Wilkins

child:
William Henry Wilkins

child:
George Hugh Wilkins

child:
Emily Lucy Una Wilkins