Doctor of Medicine, University Rome, 1938.
Assistant to chief physician Hadassah Hospital, Jerusalem, 1940-1959. Assistant to associate professor Hebrew University Medical School, 1949-1959. Head pathology Tel Hashomer Hospital, Israel, 1959-1979.
Professor pathology Tel Aviv University Medical School, Israel, 1964-1985. Head pathology laboratory Branch Army 27th General Hospital, 1945-1946. Professor histology & cell biology Tel Aviv Medical School, 1966-1974.
Captain pathologist British Army, 1941-1946, Middle East Forces. Fellow Leopoldina Academy of Sciences.
Married Brigitte Eva Koebbel, January 25, 1939. Children: Dan, Ruth, Naomi, Amnon.