Bachelor, Southern Missionary College, 1955. Master of Arts, Potomac University, 1956. Master of Divinity, Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary, 1958.
Doctor of Philosophy, University Edinburgh, Scotland, 1970.
Teacher, Madison Academy, Nashville, 1958-1960; instructor history, Madison College, Nashville, 1958-1960; chairman religion department, Madison College, Nashville, 1960-1962; professor theology, Japan Missionary College, Tokyo, 1962-1964; chairman theology department, Japan Missionary College, Tokyo, 1964-1969; professor systematic theology, Philippine Union College Graduate School, Manila, 1971-1973; chairman graduate theology department, Philippine Union College Graduate School, Manila, 1973-1978; academic dean, Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary, Manila, 1973-1978; professor systematic theology, Southern College, Chattanooga, since 1978.
Member Society Biblical Literature, American Academy Religion, Evangelical Theological Society, Adventist Theological Society (executive secretary 1989-1991, vice president 1993).
Married Leona Grace Minchin, June 9, 1958. Children: John, Sharon, James, Sonya.