Bachelor of Science London School of Economies and Political Science, London, United Kingdom, 1949.
Lector, Senior Lector, University Bristol, 1961-1967. Professor of Economics, University Reading, 1967-1983. Freelance Economics Consultant.
Editorial Board, Review of Economic Studies, 1963-1973. Editor, 7 Ind E, since 1975.
Compiled and explained time series of the factor distribution of income in the United Kingdom 1870- 1962 and the rate of return on capital 1920-1962. Analysed the comparative statics and dynamics of personal income distributions, including life-cycles of income, and changes in business concentration in individual industries and in manufacturing as a whole. Other work includes spatial economics (regional and international differences in productivity, population densities and optimal aircraft flight paths) and statistical measurements in inequality (the reduction of general entropy measures to moments-of-moment distributions).