Command staff of the Volunteer Army: generals A. P. Bogaevsky, A. I. Denikin, P. N. Krasnov. Station Chir.
Spouses Krasnov in Bad Nauheim, the 1930s.
In 1888, Krasnov graduated from Pavlovsk Military School and later studied at the Academy of the General Staff.
Pyotr Nikolaevich served in the Ataman regiment of the Life Guards. During World War I, he commanded a Cossack brigade, the 2nd Combined Cossack Division, and in August-October 1917, the 3rd Cavalry Corps.
During the October Revolution, Alexander Kerensky appointed Krasnov commander of the army, which was sent to Petrograd from the front to suppress the Bolshevik revolution. However, Krasnov was defeated and taken prisoner. He was released by the Soviet authorities after falsely promising to end his struggle against the revolution.
Krasnov fled to the Don region and in May 1918, in Novocherkassk, was elected Ataman of the Don Cossack Host. With support from Germany, he equipped the army, which would oust the Soviets from the Don region in May-June 1918. By the middle of June, a Don Army was in the field with 40,000 men, 56 guns and 179 machine-guns. In the second half of 1918, Krasnov advanced towards Povorino-Kamyshin-Tsaritsyn, intending to march on Moscow, but was defeated. After Germany's defeat in World War I, he set his sights on the Entente powers in his search for allies. In January 1919, Krasnov was forced to acknowledge General Denikin's authority over the White movement, despite animosity towards him.
On February 19, 1919, Krasnov fled to Western Europe after losing the election for the office of Don Ataman. Arriving first in Germany, he moved to France in 1923, where he continued his anti-Soviet activities. In France Krasnov was one of the founders of the Brotherhood of Russian Truth, an anti-communist organization with an underground network in Russia.
In exile, Krasnov wrote memoirs and several novels. His famous trilogy From Double Eagle To the Red Flag, in addition to the main plot, has several sub-plots which encompass many places, events, and personages. It presents a vast panorama of the Revolution and the Civil War throughout the country. Krasnov's novels were translated into English, German, French, Serbian and other European languages.
During World War II, Krasnov continued his "German orientation" by seeking an alliance with Nazi Germany. He agreed to organize and head Cossack units out of White emigres and Soviet (mostly Cossack) prisoners of war, to be armed by the Nazis. The Nazis, in turn, expected Krasnov to follow their political line and keep to a separatist Cossack orientation. In November 1944, Krasnov refused the appeal of General Andrei Vlasov to join the latter's Russian Liberation Army. At the end of the war, Krasnov and his men voluntarily surrendered to British forces in Austria. All of them were promised upon surrender by Major Davis that they, as White Russian emigres, would not be repatriated to the Soviets.
On May 28, 1945, Pyotr Krasnov was handed over to the Soviets by the British authorities during Operation Keelhaul. He was sentenced to death by the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR. On January 17, 1947, he was hanged.
He was married and hadn't children.