Bachelor of Arts, University of Michigan, 1951; Master of Arts, University of Michigan, 1952; Doctor of Philosophy, Wayne State University, 1964.
Speech and hearing consultant Detroit Public Schools, 1955-1960. Executive director Detroit Hearing and Speech Center, 1960-1962. Associate in audiology Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, 1962-1965.
Professor audiology University Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1965-1989. Coordinator audiology Eastern Michigan University, 1985-1993, consultant in audiology, since 1994, University Michigan, 1994—2006, retired, 2006. Consultant St. Joseph Mercy Hospital, Ann Arbor, Ann Arbor Veterans Administration Hospital, Mott Children's Health Center, Flint, Michigan, Pontiac (Michigan) General Hospital, University Michigan Health Services.
President Detroit Hearing Center, 1966.
Served with Medical Service corpus, United States army, 1953-1955. Fellow American Speech, Language and Hearing Association (Editor's award). Member Academy Rehabilitation Audiology (past editor Journal), Michigan Speech and Hearing Association (president 1954, Distinguished Service award, past editor Jour, honor award).