Bachelor in Economics, Temple University, 1957. Master of Arts in Finance, University Pennsylvania, 1960. Doctor of Philosophy in Economic History, University Pennsylvania, 1967.
Research assistant Federal Reserve Bank Philadelphia, 1957—1960. Instructor economics Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 1960—1966, assistant professor, 1966—1969. Project specialist Ford Foundation, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 1968—1970.
Member faculty University Connecticut, Storrs, since 1969, professor economics, since 1977, acting head department, 1978—1979. Director Middle East studies, since 1980. With United States Army, 1949-1953.
Served with United States Navy, 1949-1953. Member American Economics Association, Economics History Association.
Married Jane M. Wagner, August 25, 1956. Children: Ramon Keith, Todd P. Research assistant.