Bachelor summa cum laude in Physics, Harvard College, 1959. Master of Arts in Physics, Harvard University, 1961. Doctor of Philosophy in Physics, Harvard University, 1964.
National Science Foundation predoctoral fellow, 1960—1964. National Science Foundation postdoctoral fellow physics University California Berkeley and European Center Nuclear Research (European Organization of Nuclear Research), 1964—1966. Assistant professor department physics Yale University, New Haven, 1966-1971.
Associate professor department aerospace and mechanical science, member Center Environmental Studies Princeton University, New Jersey, 1971-1977, professor, 1977—1979, associate director Center for Environmental Studies, 1977—1978, acting director Center for Environmental Studies, 1978—1979, professor department mechanical and aerospace engineering, since 1979, co-director Carbon Mitigation Initiative, since 2000. Research associate department geology and geophysics Yale University, 1971. Member Institute Advanced Study Princeton University, 1971.
Director Princeton University Center Environmental Studies, 1977—1978, acting director, 1978—1979. Director Princeton University Center Energy and Environmental Studies, 1979—1998. Chairman board American Council Energy Efficient Economic, 1989—1993.
Board directors National Audubon Society, 1992—1999. Member environmental science advisory committee Environmental Defense Fund, 1999—2001. Member various committee United States Department of Energy, 1995—2000.
Member various committee including energy and environmental system committee, panel on carbon sequestration & committee on alternate and strategies for future hydrogen produced National Research Council, 1993—2006.
Fellow: American Physical Society (Leo Szilard Lectureship award 2003), American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Married Elizabeth Anne Sussman, June 10, 1962 (divorced April 27, 1982). Children: David, Seth. Married Jane Ries Pitt, May 25, 1986 (deceased April 16, 2003).
Stepchildren: Jennifer, Eric. Married Emily Elizabeth Mathuws, October 26, 2003.