Bachelor, Stanford University, 1959. Master of Arts, Stanford University, 1967. Doctor of Philosophy, Stanford University, 1970.
Master of Theology, School Theology, Claremont, California, 1962.
From assistant professor to associate professor English University Redlands, California, 1969-1982, professor English, since 1982. Dean graduate studies University Redlands, 1979-1982, assistant to president, 1981-1988, associate director Jameson Center Study Religion and Ethics, since 1990. Associate Fitzgerald, Graves & Company, San Francisco, 1980-1989.
Consultant board higher education Ministry United Methodist Church, Nashville, 1975-1978. Board directors Redlands Symphony Association, 1984-1990. Member strategic planning committee, Redlands, 1988-1991, member redevelopment advisory committee, 1988-1991, vice chair, 1991.
Secretary Committee Chaplaincy Lytton Gardens, Palo Alto, California, 1983-1996. Member Phi Beta Kappa (secretary, treasurer since 1977, secretary western district 1994-1995).