Bachelor in History, Colby College, Waterville, Maine, 1965. Master of Arts in Economics, University Maine, 1972. Doctor of Philosophy in Economics, George Washington University, 1983.
Economist, Federal Trade Commission, Washington, 1971-1986;
senior economist, Federal Trade Commission, Washington, 1986-1993;
associate professor economics, Ashland (Ohio) U., since 1993. Part-time instructor Montgomery College, Rockville, Maryland., 1976-1979. Assistant professor economics University of the South, Sewanee, Tennessee, 1987.
Associate professor economics Monmouth (Illinois) College, 1989-1991. Part-time instructor U. Maryland. at Baltimore, 1993. Lecturer in field.
With United States Army, 1966-1969. Member American Economics Association, Econometric Society, Western Economics Association International, History of Economics Society, Economics History Association, Cliometrics Society, Kiwanis.