Bachelor of Science in Economics, Helsinki School of Economics and Business Administration, 1945. EconD (honorary), Helsinki School of Economics and Business Administration, 1991. Bachelor of Laws, University Helsinki, 1948.
TechD (honorary), Helsinki University of Technology, 1981.
Secretary Employers confederation, Helsinki, 1949—1952. Legal counselor, board directors Oy United Paper Mills Ltd., Valkeakoski, Finland, 1952—1964. President Oy United International, Finland, 1961—1964.
Managing director Federation Finnish Industries, Helsinki, 1964—1971. President, Chief Executive Officer Partek Corporation, 1971—1987, vice chairman, 1987—1995. Chairman Kaleva Insurance Corporation, Helsinki, Tamfelt Corporation, Tampere, Finland, Keskus-Sato Corporation, Helsinki, Sampo Insurance Corporation, Turku.
Member supervisory board Aspo Group, Helsinki. Board directors Finnish National Board Defense, Finnish and foreign companies. Captain Finnish Army, 1941-1944.
Active Foundation Innovations. Minister foreign trade Government of Finland, 1975—1976. Member of Finnish Law Association Economists (chairman 1984-1989), Society Future Studies (honorary), Finnish Association Club Rome.
Married Karin Margareta Hilden. Children: Maarit Roos, Merja Torikka, Marika Paajanen.