Barsukov graduated from A. F. Mozhaisky Military Space Academy (1993) with a degree in Automated Information Collecting and Processing Systems Software, Saint-Petersburg State University (2005) with a major in State and Municipal Administration.
Since July 1993, Barsukov was Assistant Director of the Planning and Economic Department of the Central Research Institute of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. Since August 1994, he was a member of the Marketing Department, Chief of the Private Clients Service Department, Deputy Chief of Treasury – Head of the Settlement Centre, Deputy Chief Accountant of Moscow branch office of OAO KB “Tveruniversalbank”. Since July 1998, Barsukov was Deputy CEO, then CEO of OOO “Investment Company “BALTONEKSIM Finance””, since March 2001 – CEO of OOO “Web-invest.ru”. Since March 2003, he was Deputy Chairperson of the Committee of Finance of Leningrad Region. In May 2004-July 2005, he was Deputy Chief of the Federal Road Agency. In September 2005, he became CEO of OAO “KIT Financial Investment Bank”, in June 2007 – the 1st Deputy CEO of OAO “Agency of residential mortgage”. Since August 2008, he was Assistant of Deputy Chairperson of the Government of the Russian Federation – A. L. Kudrin, Minister of Finance of the Russian Federation. In January 2010, he was appointed Director of the Financial Policy Department of the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation.
He is married, and has a daughter.