He studied law and political science at the Tokyo Imperial University, graduating in 1917 with M.A. degree.
Shih-chieh Tsui worked as Deputy foreign affairs' commissioner in Tsingtao, China (Qingdao, Shandong, China).
In September 1922 he was appointed an adviser to the Directorate and director of the provisional office for the restoration of Tsingtao.
He was a high adviser to the Sino-Russian Conference 1923. He also participated in the Northern Punitive Expedition as a secretary to the Commander-in-Chief of the 2nd Nationalist Army, later adviser to the Nationalist Political Commission for War Area Administration and assistant director of the foreign affairs bureau of the 2nd Army.
Following the Tsinan Incident in 1928, he was appointed by the Nationalist Government Commissioner of Foreign Affairs for Shantung, which post he held until 1930.