Bachelor of Commerce, Nanyang University, Singapore, 1971. Bachelor of Commerce with 1st class honors, Nanyang University, Singapore, 1972. Master of Science, University Singapore, 1974.
Doctor of Philosophy in Economics, University Western Ontario, Canada, 1979.
Research officer, National Productivity Board, Singapore, 1971-1972; lecturer/senior lecturer, National U. Singapore, 1979-1991; associate professor in economics, Nanyang Technological U., Singapore, since 1991; director Asian Commercial and Economics Studies Center, Nanyang Technological U., Singapore, since 1993; head division applied economics, Nanyang Technological U., Singapore, since 1993; vice dean faculty arts and social science, Nanyang Technological U., Singapore, 1987. Expert consultant Chinese Development Assistance Council, 1996. Consultant International Labour Organisation, Asian Development Bank, Institute S.E. Asian Studies, Institute of Developing Economics, Visa Singapore, Herbert Quandt Stiftung, World Bank.
Resource person Government Parliamentary Committee on Labour, 1986-1990. Member Economics Society Singapore (honorary secretary 1986-1990), East Asian Economics Society (county since 1996).
Married Rosalind Goh Seow Lung, September 28, 1975. 3 children.