Bachelor, Oberlin (Ohio) College, 1954; Master of Arts, New York University, 1959; Doctor of Philosophy, New York University, 1966.
Assistant professor, U.Mo., Columbia, 1962-1966;
college curator, Indianapolis Museum of Art, 1966-1967;
chief curator music of art, Rhode Island School Design, Providence, 1967-1971;
director music of art, Rhode Island School Design, Providence, 1971-1978;
dean, professor, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, 1978-1981;
executive director, Portland (Oregon) Art Association, 1981-1984;
chief prints and photographs division, Library. of Congress, Washington, since 1984. Consultant U.Miami, Florida, 1977, University Texas, San Antonio, 1979, Reed College, Portland, 1986-1989. Member visiting committee Wheaton College, Norton, Massachusetts, 1974-1976.
Visiting lecturer Brown U., Providence, 1970-1977.
Member Rhode Island History Preservation Commission, Providence, 1974-1976. Member executive committee Alliance for Arts Education, Providence, 1974-1976. Board directors Arts in Education Committee, Providence, 1971-1973, Oregon Advisers for the Arts, Portland, 1981-1982.
With United States Army, 1984-1986, European Theatre of Operations. Member Print Council of America (trustee since 1985), Phi Beta Kappa.
Married Claudine Zelnick, March 25, 1962. Children: Alan (deceased), Anne-Michele.