Bachelor, Dickinson College, 1935; Master of Arts, University of Pennsylvania, 1942; Doctor of Philosophy, University of Pennsylvania, 1945.
Teacher 5th grade, Ocean City, 1935-1942; instructor, Temple University, Philadelphia, 1945-1948; assistant professor, Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, 1948-1951; from assistant professor to professor, Youngstown (Ohio) State University, 1953-1976.
Member Americans for Democratic Action, Youngstown, 1957-1976. Member Modern Language Association, AARP, National Organization for Women, American Civil Liberties Union, National Abortion and Reproductive Rights Organisation, Sanibel-Captiva Conservation Foundation, "Ding" Darling Wildlife Society, Audubon Society.
Married Ward Lester Miner, October 27, 1950.