Bachelor of Fine Arts, Chicago The Art Institute of Chicago, 1940; Bachelor of Arts, University of Chicago, 1941; Doctor of Philosophy, University Chicago, 1953; Doctor of Fine Arts (honorary), Kansas City The Art Institute of Chicago, 1980; Doctor of Fine Arts (honorary), Maryland. Institute, College Art, 1982.
Instructor art history University Chicago, 1946-1947. Education adviser United States Armed Forces in Germany, Nurnberg, 1948-1951. Assistant professor art history New York State College Ceramics, State University of New York, Alfred, 1953-1959.
Professor art history, chairman department University Alabama, 1959-1968. Vice president academy affairs, dean Maryland Institute, College Art, 1968-1982, president, 1977-1978, Baltimore News Network, 1989-1997. Member accessions committee Baltimore Museum Art, 1979-1982.
Juried art exhibition Art Institute of Chicago & University Chicago, 1938—1941.
Board directors Alabama chapter American Civil Liberties Union, 1965-1968. Board directors Southwest Alabama Self-Help Housing, 1966-1968. Served with Army of the United States, 1942-1946.
Member American Association of University Professors, Southeastern College Art Conference (president 1961-1962), College Art Association, National Association Schools Art (director 1971-1974, member commission on accreditation 1975-1978, treasurer 1980-1982, fellow 1981), Print and Drawing Society of Baltimore Museum Art (president 1974-1976), Union Indiana Colleges Art (chairman planning committee 1977-1980), American Studies Association, College Art Association American, Johns Hopkins Club (Baltimore).
Married Margaret Bridget Gaughan, February 23, 1946. Children: Annetta, Margaret.