Doctor of Medicine, Helsinki University, Finland, 1972. Doctor of Philosophy, Kuopio University, Finland, 1989.
Chief physician Medical Center, Jamsankoski, Finland, 1972—1975. Assistant physician Regional Hospital, Jamsa, Finland, 1975—1976, Central Hospital, Jyvaskyla, Finland, 1976—1977, Central University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland, 1977—1979, consultant Finland, since 1980. Consultant Siilin Silma, Siilinjarvi, Finland, since 1986.
Second lieutenant Infantry, since 1966, Kajaani.
Chief officer Civil Defense, Jyvaskyla, Finland, 1972.
Married Sisko Annikki Ritvanen, December 21, 1969 (divorced September 20, 1980). 1 child Aleksi Johannes. Married Kaija Helena Homan, November 21, 1981 (divorced October 20, 2001).
1 adopted child Annalina Tsering children: Emmi Eveliina, Sini Pilvi Pauliina.