Diploma, German-Singapore Institute, Singapore, 1985. Master of Science, Cranfield University, 1988. Doctor of Philosophy, Loughborough University, United Kingdom, 1995.
Research associate Loughborough University, England, 1992—1995. Development engineer Economic Development Board, Singapore, 1989—1992. Manager Certified Commercial Investment Member Center German Singapore Institute, 1995—2000.
Deputy director of engineering informatics Nanyang Polytechnic, Singapore, since 2000. Consultant Advanced Informatics Proprietary Ltd., Australia, 1999—2001, Commonwealth Scientific Industrial Research Organization, Australia, 2000.
Expert evaluator National InfoComm, Singapore, 2001. Member of Singapore Industrial Automation Association, Institute Engineers, Society Manufacturing Engineers.