Mr. Hsia received his education in his native province after which he passed the literary examinations of his province.
Hsia Ching-kuan carried on literary and educational work in his province for many years after which he went to Shanghai and was made a director of Fudan College (now university) and the China National Institute. After the Revolution of 1911 he became an editor of the Commercial Press, which position he held until 1919, when Mr. Hsia was appointed Commissioner of Education for Zhejiang (Chekiang) province. In 1922 he was relieved of this position and appointed chief librarian of the Metropolitan Library, Beijing (Peking). He returned to Zhejiang (Chekiang) in 1923 and was appointed director of the Cigarette Tax Bureau.