Bachelor of Science, London University, 1943. Diploma in Chinese, University Cambridge, England, 1951. Master of Letters, University Cambridge, England, 1954.
Dr university, University Paris Sorbonne, 1962.
Research fellow Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 1958-1960, Australian National University, Canberra, 1963-1970. Associate professor Tel-Aviv University, 1970-1971. Senior lecturer history Canberra College Advanced Education, 1972-1987.
Visiting fellow Pacific and Asian history Australian National University, Canberra, since 1988.
Served with armed forces 1943-1947, European Theatre of Operations, PTO.
Married Helga Selz, March 20, 1958. Children: Michal, Gial, Jonathan.