Universitätsring 1, 1010 Wien, Austria
Frederick received a Doctor of Medicine from the University of Vienna in 1935.
(Adolf Hitler unleashed a nightmare of terror in Europe th...)
Adolf Hitler unleashed a nightmare of terror in Europe that changed the course of history and forever altered our conception of human nature. But how is it possible to understand Hitler? Hitler: Diagnosis of Destruction begins to answer that question by providing the first analysis of Hitler's life by a trained MD and practicing psychiatrist. Fritz Redlich, MD, provides a full-length biography of Hitler, focusing especially on his medical and mental history and showing us precisely how Hitler's physical and mental health influenced his beliefs and behavior.
Frederick received a Doctor of Medicine from the University of Vienna in 1935. His internship and residency training were also in Vienna. In 1945 he began training at the New York Psychoanalytic Institute, graduating in 1948, and achieving Board Certification in Psychoanalysis in 1953.
Frederick began psychoanalytic training at the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute in 1937. He emigrated to the United States after the Austrian Anschluss in 1938 and became a United States citizen in 1943. He was a resident in neurology at the Boston City Hospital, 1940-1942, did a residency at the Psychiatric Inpatient Clinic of the New Haven Hospital, 1942-1943, joined the Yale University medical faculty in 1942, and served in the Army Medical Corps late in World War II, 1943-1945.
Redlich became chairman of the Department of Psychiatry at Yale in 1950 and remained chair for 17 years, promoting a multi-disciplinary curriculum. He was dean of the Medical School at Yale from 1967 to 1972, where his emphasis was on fostering clinical research. After retiring from teaching at Yale in 1977, he taught at School of Medicine of the University of California through 1982.
Redlich co-authored six scholarly works, including Psychotherapy with Schizophrenics (1952). His text, The Initial Interview in Psychiatric Practice (1954) is a classic still valued in training mental health clinicians today.
With his background in the social democratic culture of Vienna, Redlich was a psychiatrist who studied the relationship between the social environment and mental illness. His book, Social Class and Mental Illness (1964), documented the psychiatric problems and the lack of mental health services in low-income urban neighborhoods. Redlich's last book was a comprehensive medical and psychological biography of the Führer, Hitler: Diagnosis of a Destructive Prophet (1998), which he described as a "pathography."
In 1964 Redlich was co-founder and first director of the Yale-Connecticut Mental Health Center to provide psychological care for poor people in New Haven. President Jimmy Carter appointed him to the Presidential Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and in Biomedical and Behavioral Research in 1979. He was president of the Foundations Fund for Research in Psychiatry.
Redlich was a member of American Psychiatric Association, American Psychoanalyst Association.
Frederick married Elsa, a physician, but they divorced in 1953. He then married Herta Glaz, a voice teacher and opera singer, in May, 1955. He had two sons from first marriage: Erik and Peter.