Master in Economics, Philipps University, Marburg, Federal Republic of Germany, 1980. Certified in development countries, Philipps University, Marburg, Germany, 1980.
Consultant, Technology Transfer Cons. Ltd., Koenigstein, Hesse., Federal Republic of Germany, 1982-1983; associate expert, United Nations/ESCAP Division Industry Technology & Human Settlements, Bangkok, Thailand, 1983-1985; government official Hessiches Ministerium fuer Wirtschaft, Verkehr Technologie und Europaangelegenheiten, Wiesbadan, Hesse., Germany, since 1986.
Member German-Thailand Society, German Society for United Nations, German-Burma Society.