Bachelor of Business Administration, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, 1965. Master of Arts in Economics, Case Western Reserve University, 1972.
Instructor Cleveland State University, 1966-1972. Business development coordinator City of East Cleveland (Ohio), 1975-1977. Research analyst Predicasts, Inc., Cleveland, 1978.
Manager business development Greater Cleveland Growth Association, 1979-1981. Economic consultant Busimetrics, Cleveland, since 1981. Member adjunct faculty various local colleges, Cleveland, 1973-1987.
With United States Army, l96l-62. Member National Association Business Economists (past president Cleveland chapter), American Marketing Association, Council Smaller Enterprises (board directors), Cleveland Chamber of Commerce, Society Competitive Intelligence Professionals, World Future Society (professional member).