Degree, University Gothenburg, 1966. Degree, University Umeå, Sweden, 1972. Postgraduate, University Umeå, Sweden, 1975.
Doctor of Psychiatry, University Umeå, Sweden, 1976.
Intern, Lycksele, Skelleftea, Umeå, 1968-1975. From resident to head physician department psychiatry Umeå University, 1973-1979, associate professor psychiatry, 1976-1989. Professor psychiatry Uppsala (Sweden) University, since 1989.
Member Swedish Medical Association, Swedish Medical Society, Swedish Association for Forensic Psychiatry, Scandinavian Association of Psychopharmacology, International Association for the Study of Pain, Swedish Committee for the Prevention and Treatment of Depression, Swedish Association for Alcohol and Drug Research, American Society Biological Psychiatry, others.
Married Anne-Liis Raal, January 8, 1967. Children: Marika, Björn.