Bachelor, University of Wisconsin, 1963; Master of Business Administration, University of Chicago, 1965; Doctor of Philosophy, Northwestern University, 1970.
Assistant professor, then associate professor economics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, 1970-1984; professor economics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, since 1984. Visiting scholar Georgia State University, Atlanta, 1975-1976. Faculty fellow, supervising economist United States General Accounting Office, Washington, 1978-1980.
Member American Economics Association, Midwest Economics Association, Atlantic Economics Association, International Association Jazz Record Collectors (best article award 1988), Jazz Photographers Association.
Married Joyce Ruddel, August 14, 1971. 1 child, Sharon.