Bachelor, National University, Tehran, Iran, 1974. Master of Arts, Iowa State University, 1979. Doctor of Philosophy, New School for Social Research, 1987.
Lecturer Fordham University, Bronx, New York, 1980-1981. Lecturer Baruch College, New York City, 1980-1981, New School for Social Research, New York City, 1981. Assistant professor Ramapo College, Mahwah, New Jersey, 1981-1982.
Assistant professor economics Bloomsburg (Pennsylvania) University, 1982-1989, associate professor, 1989-1995, professor, since 1995.
Member American Economic Association, Atlantic Economic Society, Southern Economic Association.
Married Christine Marie Jankowski, August 15, 1987.