Bachelor, Tehran University, Iran, 1954. Postgraduate, Duke University, 1958. Master of Arts, Auburn University, 1965.
Doctor of Philosophy, Auburn University, 1967.
Translator, Point IV Organisation, Tehran, 1952-1956; chairman English department, Webb School, Bell Buckle, Tennessee, 1958-1962; professor, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, since 1962.
Member Southeastern Conference on Linguistics (executive secretary 1975-1990), S. Atlantic Modern Language Association, Linguistics Association Great Britain.
Married Margaret Ann Howlett, August 29, 1957. Children: Parri, Margaret, Andrew, David.