Bachelor in International Affairs cum laude, The American University, 1983. Master of Arts in International Economics & Soviet Studies, Johns Hopkins University, 1990.
Broadcast journalist, Voice of America, Washington, 1984-1988;
managing partner, Inroads, Inc., Washington, 1988-1991;
consultant, Council of Mins., Riga, Latvia, 1991;
economics consultant, Embassy of Latvia, Washington, 1991;
director, Division Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Riga, 1991-1993;
state secretary, Ministry of State Reform, Riga, 1993-1994;
minister of state reform, Ministry of State Reform, Cabinet of Mins., Riga, since 1994. Chairman of the board Public Svc. Language University, Riga, since 1994.
Chairman National Committee for the Preparation of the United Nations 4th World Conference on Women, Riga, since 1994.
President American Latvian Youth Association, Washington, 1986-1988. Chairman Environmental Protection Club of Latvia-United States of America Chapter, Washington, 1989. Member Dzintra.